Modern Plan Of The City And Environs Of Dublin 1798
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To Her Excellency Frances Countess Camden
, &c &c &c. This MODERN PLAN of the City and Environs of DUBLIN. Including the Grand & Royal Canals, New Docks, &c. Is by Permission, most respectfully Inscribed by her Ladyship's humble & obedient Servant, Wm Wilson.
Published as the Act directs for W. Wilson
& sold by the Booksellers and Printsellers in London & Dublin, June 1st ~ 1798.
56.5cm x 47.5cm (22¼" x 18¾").
3½" : ½ Irish Mile
Richmond - Ringsend - Mt Pleasant - Phoenix Park.
Shows existing and intended buildings, County Boundaries, North and South Divisions, and the Earl of Meath's Liberty. Compass Star top centre. Inset view of the New Custom House
bottom left. Scale of half a Mile Irish bottom left. Dublin City Coat Of Arms, with The Great Mace (1665) and the Great Civic Sword (1390s) bottom right. Explanation (reference)
table bottom right.
Note that the proposed Royal Circus in Dublin (Architect: Thomas Cunningham) shown on this map was never built.
The map includes the following Explanation:
I. The river separates the Nth & Sth Divisions of the City as regulated by a late Act of Parliament no other distinction correct
II. The Buildings ................ Red Wash
III. Intended Do ................ Faint do
IV. County Boundaries ...... Blue Line
V. Earl of Meath's Liberty... Green do
The dedication is to Frances, Countess Camden (daughter of William Molesworth of Wembury, Devonshire, England), wife of John Jeffreys Pratt
, 2nd Earl of Camden (1759-1840), later 1st Marquis of Camden, who was Lord Lieutenant of Ireland from 31 March 1795 until late June 1798.
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John Jeffreys Pratt, 2nd Earl of Camden. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1795-1798.
John Jeffreys Pratt, 1st Marquis of Camden, was extremely unpopular in Ireland for repressing Roman Catholic representation in the Irish Parliament. Implementation of repressive policies by Camden contributed to the Irish Rebellion of 1798 (or United Irishmen Rebellion) that began on May 23 in the districts surrounding Dublin. The rebellion was suppressed by late June with the pivotal defeat of the
South Leinster rebels at Vinegar Hill (Co. Wexford) on June 21. In the aftermath of the rebellion Camden resigned his post of Lord Lieutenant of Ireland and retreated to London.
It is interesting to note that this map, dated 1st June 1798, falls right in the middle of the Irish Rebellion, and would have been one of the last acknowledgements bestowed upon the Camdens in Dublin before Pratt's resignation as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
William Wilson, Bookseller And Stationer, Dublin, Ireland.
The honour bestowed to Frances Countess Camden by the dedication of this map would have been in response to her patronage for the project.
The map maker, William Wilson (fl. 1769-1801), appears to have been an established publisher of travel guides, directories and almanacks in Dublin, including Wilson's Dublin Directory, For The Year 1780
and The Post Chaise Companion Or A Traveler's Directory Through Ireland
(Dublin, 1784). Wilson is recorded as a bookseller and stationer at No. 6, in Dame-Street, the corner of Palace-Street,
Of note in reference to the map displayed here is Wilson's Dublin Directory For The Year 1798 : Including The Additions And Corrections Of The Bank Of Ireland : Containing An Alphabetical List Of The Names, Occupations, And Places Of Abode Of The Merchants, And Traders Of The City Of Dublin.
A Peter Wilson was a bookseller in Dame Street, Dublin, from the 1750s on, his publications including the Dublin Magazine. He published the first trade directories in Ireland, starting with Dublin in 1751 (An Alphabetical List of the Names and Places of Abode of the Merchants and Traders of the City of Dublin, included in The Treble Alma). It is probable that Peter was the
father of William Wilson.
Benjamin Baker, Map Engraver And Publisher, Islington, London, England.
Benjamin Baker (1766-1841 : fl. 1790s-1824) was a prolific producer of engraved maps from the late 18th century onwards.
Baker's engraving work is found in association with many famous map makers of the era, including William Faden, Geographer to the King, Laurie & Whittle, and others. In the 1790s Baker's work included maps of the Southern Hemisphere, charts of voyages of exploration, canal maps, and foreign views. During this period Baker resided at 32 High Street, Islington (1791-1793), and later in Lower Street,
Baker's trade card reads:
N.B. Maps, Charts, &c.
In the early 1800s Baker became the engraver to the Board of Ordnance at the Tower of London, helping to produce the first 1" inch Ordnance Survey maps, published by Lt. Col. Mudge, Tower.
Evan and Thomas Williams, Printers And Booksellers, Strand, London, England.
The publishers and map sellers, E. & T. Williams (brothers Evan and Thomas Williams), were printers and booksellers in the Strand, London, England from 1787 onwards, who sold books to their Royal Highnesses the Duke and Duchess of York 1803-1809.
Their predecessor, Richmond Blamire, was a bookseller and stationer, who was situated on the corner of Craven Street & Strand. At some stage in the late 1700s Blamire "Removed from Craven Street, to the Corner of Northumberland Street, Strand". It is likely that this is where the brothers were trading from when the map of Dublin was published in 1798.
New Custom House
James Gandon, Architect.
The New Custom House, built on the north bank of the Liffey was designed by the English architect James Gandon. Construction commenced in 1781, with the opening a decade later, on 7th November 1791. The building cost a staggering £200,000 to construct, the cost of which made Gandon a very unpopular figure at the time.
Like the Earl of Camden, Gandon fled Dublin during the The Irish Rebellion of 1798 (Éirí Amach 1798), returning to London where he was born. When the rebellion was suppressed, Gandon returned to Dublin and continued his career as an architect there, vastly influencing the look of the city.